There are so many web links on the Internet that promote How to write a better report (MUET report writing in particular). In fact, different set of questions require a specific know-how so that one will be able to write a decent report; or may be a much more better report.
To do MUET report writing, the focus should be given more on producing syntheses from the given stimuli OR providing relevant analyses. If one could NOT synthesise, JUST analyse. There is NO specific requirement for the candidates to write a number of syntheses plus some analyses, vice versa. The candidates may focus on either writing the analyses only or syntheses only. Bare in mind, synthesizing is much tricky. Reason being, if 1 synthesis statement is not relevant or wrong, it could in fact affect the rest of the syntheses in the report.
While the format is a lil bit the same as writing an essay (some say it is entirely different), MUET report writing emphasizes on writing what we find from the stimuli (visuals) given in the question. Hence the name “report” in its literal sense is actually a report, which requires some skills in writing.
So,what do we need to do?
Know the format. The items like Title, Introduction, Overview / Overall trend, Analysis & Synthesis, Conclusion are very important to produce a 200-words MUET report writing. Let’s have a look at the items for MUET report writing, one by one. Refer to the sample question.
This may be extracted from the given instruction or found in the titles of the given stimuli. In other words, one may join a title from a visual to another visual. The number of words for the title is not counted.
e.g Drama Competition Prizes and the Number of Participants (2012-2013)
A statement that clearly mentions the charts and includes specific data (year/month/week/day) when introducing the report.
For starters, the following opening sentences can be used;-
- The chart shows..
- Figure 1 shows …. And table 1 shows….
- The visuals illustrate..
- The stimuli demonstrate..
e.g The tables show Drama Competition Prizes and number of participants in secondary schools in 2012 and 2013.
3. Overview and General Trend (use either one)
It shows the connection or the link between the visuals. The easiest way to link the idea between the visuals is to use words like influence, affect or other related words.
e.g The increase in the prize money for secondary schools in the Drama Competition from 2012 to 2013 might have influenced the increase in the number of participants in 2013.
- General Trend
It shows the overall movement or pattern of an item in comparison.
e.g Generally, there was an increase in prize money for all secondary school prizes from 2012 to 2013
A statement that contains the following items:-
|Key Feature (KF)||Refers to the items being discussed|
|Trend (T)||Refers to the change or movement of the data|
|Data (D)||Refers to the item that can be presented in percentage, frequency of popularity based on week, month or year.|
What are those items really about for MUET report writing? Just look at the samples below. Key features are highlighted in green where as the group of data are highlighted in red.
What about the trend? I mean the movement of the data? The movement can be categorized into 4; increase, decrease, fluctuate and static. The best way is to use variety of synonyms like skyrocket, rise, boost, doubled, hike, plummet, plunge, fall etc etc. Let’s look at an example.
The third prize (KF) for primary school (KF) remained unchanged (T) at RM1,000-00 (D) but there was an increase (T) of RM1,000-00 from RM2,000-00 to RM3,000-00 (D) for secondary school over the two years (D).
- Both primary and secondary overall best drama prize money doubled from RM1,300-00 to RM2,600-00 and from RM1,800-00 to RM3,600-00 respectively between 2012 and 2013.
- Secondary school’s second prize money had a higher boost from RM2,500-00 (2012) to RM4,000-00 (2013) than primary school’s which increased from RM1,500-00 to RM2,000-00 respectively in the two years.
- Perak recorded the most participants in 2012 and 2013 with 29 and 54 respectively.
- Meantime, Kedah charted the least with 11 and 22 participants each in 2012 and 2013.
- A. Using superlative to compare 2 statements in 2 years that contain the above item. Comparison can be within the same stimulus as well. The appropriate superlatives (depending on the visuals) are highest and lowest
e.g. The lowest prize money went to the best actor for both schools at RM400-00 each in 2012.
- B. Write a statement by making links (L) between the given stimuli (between visuals)
e.g. The almost double growth in the number of secondary school participants in all states in 2013 was probably due (L) to the increase in prize money from 2012 to 2013.
Rephrase the overview or the general trend.
Tip: Use an opposite voice i.e passive or active voice statement when rephrasing the overview.
e.g To conclude, the prize money in 2013 influenced the increase of the number of participants in secondary schools for year 2012 and 2013.
OR, simply rephrase by using other linking word when linking the ideas.
e.g In conclusion, the increase in prize money from 2012 to 2013 has an effect on the number of participants in secondary schools in 2013.
Below are the sample answer for MUET report writing.
Drama Competition Prizes and the Number of Participants in Secondary Schools.
The visuals demonstrate the Drama Competition Prizes and the Number of Participants for Secondary Schools in 2012 and 2013.
The increase in number of participants for secondary schools from 2012 to 2013 was influenced by the increase in the prize money for the secondary schools Drama Competition 2013.
The 1st prize money was recorded the highest in 2012 for primary and secondary school at RM2500-00 and RM3000-00 and in 2013, it showed a similar trend. Nevertheless, the best actor recorded the lowest prize money in 2012 for primary and secondary school each at RM400-00. For the overall best drama, the prize money increased twofold from RM1300-00 to RM2600-00 and from RM1800-00 to RM3600-00 between 2012 to 2013 respectively. While Perak recorded the most participants in 2012 and 2013 with 29 and 54 respectively, Kedah charted the least with 11 and 22 participants each in same years. Lastly, the third prize for primary school remained unchanged at RM1,000-00 but there was an increase of RM1,000-00 from RM2,000-00 to RM3,000-00 for secondary school over the past two years.
To conclude, the prize money in 2013 might have influenced the increase of the number of participants in secondary schools for year 2012 and 2013.
Looking for MUET report writing exercise book?
Well, I believe that everyone has his or her on way to achieve what they want. I hope by providing the above posting would actually give a heads up for the coming MUET examination. The above posting was adapted and modified from the book below.
Most (not all because I have my own share of the fame as well) of the credits and recognition belong to the original authors. The book is suitable for MUET candidates who cater for more examples & activities and to order the book, please contact the author via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit his website, weekokseng.com. *FIN*